tundub

Capparis decidua

Description

Tundub – Capparis decidua, commonly known as karira, is a useful plant in its marginal habitat.

It is a small much-branched tree or shrub. It bears a mass of slender, gray-green leafless branches, the small caducous leaves being found only on young shoots. It rarely exceeds a height of 5 meters (16 feet).

The new flush of leaves appears from November–January. Red conspicuous flowers appear from March to April and August–September and are ripe by May and October. The pink fleshy berries are readily eaten by birds. It coppices well and produces root suckers freely. It is extremely drought-resistant and tolerates some frost.

Distribution and habitat It can be found in arid regions in North Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia, including the Thar desert. Khair city in Uttar Pradesh, India is famous for Kair trees.

Uses

The vegetable dish known as Kairan (or Doran) ji Bhaaji is prepared in Tharparkar, Sindh The fruit and young buds can be eaten raw.

Its spicy fruits are used for preparing vegetables, curry, and fine pickles and can attract helpful insectivores; the plant also is used in folk medicine and herbalism.

It can be used in landscape gardening, afforestation, and reforestation in semidesert and desert areas; it provides assistance against soil erosion.

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