cyperus spp. Description Cyperus is a large genus of about 700 species of sedges, distributed throughout all continents in both tropical and temperate regions. They are annual or perennial plants, mostly aquatic and growing in still or slow-moving water up to 0.5 m deep. The species vary greatly in size, with small species only 5 … Read more


fagonia cretica Description Fagonia cretica is a species of plant in the caltrop family (Zygophyllaceae). It is native to dry regions of the Mediterranean Basin in North Africa (in Cape Verde, Canary Islands, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt), Southern Europe (in the Balearic Islands, Southeast Spain, Sicily, and Greece) and West Asia (in Saudi … Read more


indigofera bracteolat Description Indigofera is a large genus of over 750 species of flowering plants belonging to the pea family Fabaceae. They are widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Species of Indigofera are mostly shrubs, though some are small trees or herbaceous perennials or annuals. Most have pinnate leaves. Racemes … Read more


farsetia aegyptiaca Description Farsetia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae. Metrics: farsetia aegyptiaca Wiki URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farsetia Gallery


tribulus spp. Description Tribulus terrestris is an annual plant in the caltrop family (Zygophyllaceae) widely distributed around the world. It is adapted to grow in dry climate locations in which few other plants can survive. It is native to warm temperate and tropical regions in southern Eurasia and Africa. It has been unintentionally introduced to … Read more


salsola barysoma Description A study on medicinal plant extracts including Salsola barysoma was used to check the repellent effect against T. granarium larvae. Mean % Repellency in (Acetone) of four plants: Nicotiana tobaccum 55.33%Salsola barysoma 52.33%Pegnum hermala 51.33%Sassurea costus 46.67% Metrics: Wiki URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343362836_Diversity_and_utilization_of_halophytes_of_hot_arid_rangelands_a_review Gallery


indigofera agrenaria  Uses Several species, especially Indigofera tinctoria and Indigofera suffruticosa, are used to produce the dye indigo. Scraps of Indigo-dyed fabric likely dyed with plants from the genus Indigofera discovered at Huaca Prieta predate Egyptian indigo-dyed fabrics by more than 1,500 years. Colonial planters in the Caribbean grew indigo and transplanted its cultivation when … Read more


balanites aegyptiaca Description Balanites is an Afrotropical, Palearctic and Indomalayan genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. The name Balanites derives from the Greek word for an acorn and refers to the fruit, it was coined by Alire Delile in 1813. Metrics: balanites aegyptiaca Wiki URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balanites Gallery


phoenix dactylifera Description Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit called dates. The species is widely cultivated across northern Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia, and is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. P. … Read more


trianthema pentandra Description Trianthema is a genus of flowering plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. Members of the genus are annuals or perennials generally characterized by fleshy, opposite, unequal, smooth-margined leaves, a prostrate growth form, flowers with five perianth segments subtended by a pair of bracts, and fruit with a winged lid. The genus … Read more


acacia ehrenbergiana Description Vachellia flava, synonym Acacia ehrenbergiana, is a species of drought-resistant bush or small tree, commonly known as salam in Arabic. It is found in the Sahara, the northern Sahel, parts of East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Vachellia flava is a tall shrub or small tree, seldom exceeding 4 meters (13 … Read more


maerua crassifolia Description Maerua crassifolia is a species of plant in the Capparaceae family. It is native to Africa, tropical Arabia, and Israel, but is disappearing from Egypt. Foliage from this plant is used as fodder for animals, especially camels, during the dry season in parts of Africa. The plant grows commonly in Yemen, where … Read more


acacia tortilis Description Vachellia tortilis, widely known as Acacia tortilis but now attributed to the genus Vachellia, is the umbrella thorn acacia, also known as umbrella thorn and Israeli babool, a medium to large canopied tree native to most of Africa, primarily to the savanna and Sahel of Africa (especially the Somali peninsula and Sudan), … Read more

shau (arak)

salvadora persica Description Salvadora persica or the toothbrush tree is a small evergreen tree native to India, the Middle East and Africa.Its sticks are traditionally used as a natural toothbrush called miswak and are mentioned by the World Health Organization for oral hygiene use. EtymologyThe genus was named by the French botanist Laurent Garcin in … Read more


Triraphis pumilio  Uses Triraphis is a genus of African, Arabian, Australian, and Brazilian plants in the grass family. Needlegrass is a common name for plants in this genus. Other names include arak, jhak, pīlu, and mustard tree. Metrics: Triraphis pumilio


panicum turgidum Description Tumam – Panicum turgidum is an old-world clumping desert bunchgrass of the genus Panicum. It is a plant of arid regions across Africa and Asia and has been introduced to other parts of the world. Description Panicum turgidum is a perennial bunchgrass, growing in dense bushes up to 1 meter (3.3 ft) … Read more


Capparis decidua Description Tundub – Capparis decidua, commonly known as karira, is a useful plant in its marginal habitat. It is a small much-branched tree or shrub. It bears a mass of slender, gray-green leafless branches, the small caducous leaves being found only on young shoots. It rarely exceeds a height of 5 meters (16 … Read more